The National Household Surveys on Substance Abuse have revealed that Latino illicit drug use rates have increased steadily since 2002 [Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration , 2008]. Moreover, compared to other U.S. ethnic groups, Latinos experience disproportionately negative consequences of substance abuse, such as intimate partner violence, incarceration, homelessness, HIV/AIDS, and other medical consequences (Amaro, Arévalo, Gonzalez, Szapocznik, & Iguchi, 2006). Furthermore, a lack of culturally tailored substance abuse interventions often lead Latino clients to perceive culturally insensitive barriers to treatment delivery (Gil & Vega, 2001), and to drop out of drug abuse treatment in greater numbers than individuals from other ethnic groups (Hser, Huang, Teruya, & Anglin, 2004). The substance use problems experienced by Latinos therefore often go untreated. Thus, social work practitioners and researchers are encouraged to better understand the treatment needs of Latinos in the U.S. (Alvarez, Jason, Olson, Ferrari, & Davis, 2007).

National Beverage Corp Reports “Best Ever” Quarter

The Virginia figures do include the portion of Virginia that later became the state of West Virginia. Though Maine was then a part of Massachusetts, the Maine figures were compiled separately, and are shown on the line for Maine. Macchu Picchu, one of the seven wonders of the world, Sacsayhuaman, Chan chan, the architecture was constructed to congregate hundreds if no thousands of peoples for ceremonies and to cohabit in harmony with others and with nature. Peruvian literature has its roots in the oral traditions of pre-Columbian civilizations. Spaniards introduced writing in the 16th century; colonial literary expression included chronicles and religious literature.

The Interagency Committee has suggested that the concept of marking multiple boxes be extended to the Hispanic origin question, thereby freeing individuals from having to choose between their parents’ ethnic heritages. In other words, a respondent could choose both “Hispanic or Latino” and “Not Hispanic or Latino”. Other Pacific Islander – Print race, for example, Fijian, Tongan, and so on.

Census, there was an estimate of 121,643 Puerto Rican Americans living in Philadelphia, up from 91,527 in 2000. Representing 8% of Philadelphia’s total population and 75% of the city’s Hispanic/Latino population, as of 2010. Puerto Ricans are the largest Latino group in the city and that, outside Puerto Rico, Philadelphia now has the second largest Puerto Rican population, estimated at over 130,000. Since 2010, Philadelphia replaced the city of Chicago as the city with the second-largest Puerto Rican population, Chicago’s slightly shrunk and Philadelphia’s continued to grow, more than ever before, not only having the second largest Puerto Rican population, but also one of the fastest-growing.

Access to training and apprenticeship is especially important for underrepresented groups. Women workers are only 7.3 percent of those in registered apprenticeships.33 Of women who are in apprenticeship programs, less than 10 percent are Hispanic, compared to men in apprenticeships, almost 16 percent of whom identified as Hispanic.

Most sources, including the most reliable, the United States Census Bureau, estimated that as of 2010, Puerto Ricans made up between percent of Philadelphia’s Hispanic/Latino population. Other sources put the percentage Puerto Ricans make up of Philadelphia’s Hispanic population, as high as 90% and others as low as 64%.

Chicana/o literature tends to incorporate themes of identity, discrimination, and culture, with an emphasis on validating Mexican American and Chicana/o culture in the United States. The second wave of Chicana/o film, according to Ramírez Berg, developed out of portraying anger against oppression faced in society, highlighting immigration issues, and re-centering the Chicana/o experience, yet channeling this in more accessible forms which were not as outright separatist as the first wave of films. Docudramas like Esperanza Vasquez’s Agueda Martínez , Jesús Salvador Treviño’s Raíces de Sangre , and Robert M. Young’s ¡Alambrista! served as transitional works which would inspire full-length narrative films. Early narrative films of the second wave include Valdez’s Zoot Suit , Young’s The Ballad of Gregorio Cortez , Gregory Nava’s, My Family/Mi familia and Selena , and Josefina López’s Real Women Have Curves, originally a play which premiered in 1990 and was later released as a film in 2002.

On 18 November 1997, the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico, through its ruling in Miriam J. Ramirez de Ferrer v. Juan Mari Brás, reaffirmed Puerto Rican citizenship by ruling that U.S. citizenship was not a requirement to vote in Puerto Rico (on non-federal matters). Gomez attended the WE Day California event in Los Angeles in 2018 and 2019. During the 2018 event, Gomez introduced Nellie Mainor, a young fan who had a rare kidney disease.

By the early 21st century, the states with the largest percentages and populations of Mexican Americans are California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Colorado, Nevada, and Utah. There have also been markedly increasing populations in Oklahoma, Pennsylvania and Illinois. Over the past hundred years, activist Mexican Americans have campaigned for their constitutional rights as citizens, to overturn discrimination in voting and to gain other civil rights.

Puerto Rico began to produce cattle, sugar cane, coffee and tobacco, which led to the importation of slaves from Africa. As a result, Puerto Rican bloodlines and culture evolved through a mixing http://mftgilan.net/the-basics-of-costa-rican-girls-revealed/ of the Spanish, African, and indigenous Taíno and Carib Indian races that shared the island. Today, many Puerto Rican towns retain their Taíno names, such as Utuado, Mayagüez and Caguas.

  • The city has one of the largest Latino population in the country because of including other Latino groups and Central Americans such as Salvadorans, Guatemalans and Hondurans.
  • Palmdale, California – Over 25.8% of the population is Mexican-American.
  • San Diego, California – slightly less than one-third of the city’s population is Hispanic, primarily Mexican American; however, this percentage is the lowest of any significant border city.
  • South Gate, California – over 70.77% of the population is Mexican or Mexican American.

The modern term to identify Portuguese and Spanish territories under a single nomenclature is “Iberian”, and the one to refer to cultures derived from both countries in the Americas is “Iberian-American”. These designations can be mutually recognized by people in Portugal and Brazil, unlike “Hispanic”, which is totally void of any self-identification in those countries, and quite to the contrary, serves the purpose of marking a clear distinction in relation to neighboring countries’ culture. The Latin gentile adjectives that belong to Hispania are Hispanus, Hispanicus, and Hispaniensis. A Hispanus is someone who is a native of Hispania with no foreign parents, while children born in Hispania of Roman parents were Hispanienses. Hispaniensis means ‘connected in some way to Hispania’, as in “Exercitus Hispaniensis” (‘the Spanish army’) or “mercatores Hispanienses” (‘Spanish merchants’).

On May 8, 2017, she announced a collaboration with sportswear line Fabletics to support the United Nations’ initiative, Girl Up. She announced her Neon Lights Tour on September 29, 2013, which began February 9, 2014 and ended May 17. On October 21, she released her cover of “Let It Go” for the Disney film Frozen, which was released in theaters on November 27. Lovato’s cover was described as more “radio friendly” and “pop” as compared to the original by Idina Menzel.

One of them is Yapatera, a community in the same city, as well as smaller farming communities like Pabur or La Matanza and even in the mountainous region near Canchaque. Further south, the colonial city of Zaña or farming towns like Capote and Tuman in Lambayeque are also important regions with Afro-Peruvian presence.

bAdjusted for baseline value of the outcome variable and having health insurance; comparison intervention was the referent for computing the AOR. To assess the efficacy of AMIGAS, we surveyed participants at baseline and at 3- and 6-month postintervention follow-ups.

The income disparity between the stateside community and those living on the island is not as great as those of other Latin-American countries, and the direct connection between second-generation Puerto Ricans and their relatives is not as conducive to direct monetary support. Many Puerto Ricans still living in Puerto Rico also remit to family members who are living stateside.

Before arriving in the Senate, Cruz clerked for Chief Justice William Rehnquist and was the Solicitor General of Texas, while Rubio was the Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives. As two of the three Hispanic Americans in the Senate—the other being Robert Menendez of New Jersey—Cruz and Rubio bring to light the role of Hispanic Americans in national politics.

Yet women, and particularly women of color, continue to be underrepresented at every level. Learn more by reading the largest study of the state of women in corporate America.

This fact sheet provides a snapshot of statistics about health, education, entrepreneurship, economic security, and political leadership that should guide our choices to enact sensible policies to unleash the potential of this growing demographic and benefit our economy. Every day we are inspired by women who work to achieve more and give more. These Latinas show us that everyone has the potential to change the world and that it’s up to us to make a difference! U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Civilian labor force participation rate, by age, sex, race, and ethnicity” (U.S. Department of Labor, 2017). None of these policy interventions is a silver bullet on its own, but together they would support greater economic opportunity for Latina workers and all other workers.

Rock band The Mars Volta combines elements of progressive rock with traditional Mexican folk music and Latin rhythms along with Cedric Bixler-Zavala’s Spanglish lyrics. Given this representation in early Chicano literature, Bruce-Novoa concludes, “we can say our community is less sexually repressive than we might expect.”